Mac users write to me from time to time who have previously worked on Windows PCs for years and have a correspondingly large amount of knowledge in this operating system. I've never had much to do with Windows and that's why I'm not very familiar with Windows terms such as user accounts, explorer, taskbar, start menu and the like. It's the same with those who switch from Windows to macOS. These must have a desk, favorites, finder, dock, Activity indicator and Launchpad and slowly getting used to the Mac vocabulary.
In order to make it a little easier for people switching and for me to communicate, I have put together a few terms that mean the same system functions, programs or areas, but describe them in different words. I sometimes wrote in brackets how to get to the individual settings.
Most of the items that can be found in the "Settings" area on Windows are accessible as a control panel under "System Settings" on the Mac. You can find this area via the gray button with the gear symbol at the bottom of the dock (the bar with the program symbols, which can usually be seen at the bottom of the screen).
|System and devices (via settings)||System Settings -> General, Mouse, Printers & Scanners, Monitors|
|user accounts||System Settings -> Users & Groups|
|Quick access (in Explorer)||Finder Window -> Favorites sidebar|
|Lock screen (Settings -> Personalization)||System Preferences -> Desktop & Screensaver|
|Explore||Finder (quasi the user interface of the Mac)|
|Date / time||System Settings -> Date & Time|
|desktop||Desk (also as a folder view via the Desk link in the sidebar)|
|Background (under settings)||System Preferences -> Desktop & Screensaver|
|Devices (under Settings)||System Preferences -> Printers & Scanners|
|Printer waiting list||Printer queue (usually reached by double-clicking the printer icon in the dock)|
|Easier operation (under settings)||System Preferences -> Accessibility|
|power options||System settings -> save energy|
|Info area of the taskbar||Menulets (symbols in the menu bar at the top right)|
|Internet options||Safari -> Preferences|
|Mouse (under Settings -> Devices)||System Preferences -> Mouse|
|Network and Internet (under Settings)||System Settings -> Network|
|Folder options (via ribbon)||Display options (accessible via a marked folder -> Display -> Show display options)|
|Update and security (via settings)||System Settings -> Security, Parental Control|
|Loudspeakers||System Preferences -> Sound|
|"All apps" in the start menu||Launchpad (rocket icon in the dock) or accessible via the "Applications" folder|
|System (via settings)||Call up the "Apple menu" at the top left, then About this Mac -> More information|
|Windows settings||System Settings|
|taskbar||Dock (at the bottom of the screen)|
|Keyboard (via Settings -> Devices)||System Preferences -> Keyboard|
|Task manager||Activity indicator (accessible via Applications -> Utilities)
|CTRL - ALT - DELETE||cmd + alt + esc|
|Drive||Volume or image|
Incidentally, my list is inspired by the highly recommended book "The big Mac book for beginners and those switching"This covers many aspects of macOS and also helps migrating from Windows to macOS in particular.
In addition to this table, I will soon be putting together a list of "Frequently Asked Questions from Win-to-Mac Converters". This post will explain, among other things, how to burn CDs on the Mac, where to find the start menu or where to look for the taskbar on the Mac. There are certainly some interesting points for pure Mac beginners, but the article is mainly aimed at those who switch from Windows systems.
Jens has been running the blog since 2012. He appears as Sir Apfelot for his readers and helps them with problems of a technical nature. In his free time he drives electric unicycles, takes photos (preferably with his iPhone, of course), climbs around in the Hessian mountains or hikes with the family. His articles deal with Apple products, news from the world of drones or solutions for current bugs.